WP2: Review and gaps identification in Air Quality and health assessment methodologies at regional and local scale

WP Leader: A. Miranda, UAVR

Objectives

- To perform a review of the existing assessment capabilities and modelling tools used in the EU Member States to evaluate the effects of local and regional air quality plans regarding the reduction of atmospheric pollutants and human health impacts.

- To analysis of the limitations of the currently available assessment methods, as well as the identification of key areas to be addressed by research and innovation are also objectives of this WP. 

Description of work

The review work to be developed within this WP is broken down into four tasks:

Task 2.1 Synergies among national, regional and local approaches, including emission abatement policies

This task aims at identifying/characterizing how emission abatement strategies at the national level are considered/integrated in the definition of Regional and/or Local Plans and Programmes (RLPPs) to improve the air quality, and vice-versa. This includes: 

- The identification of synergies and trade-offs between the two scales (national and regional/local) at which AQ policies are made;

- The assessment of the consistency of approaches among nation wide and regional/local scales;

- The highlight of potential improvements to be made.

Task 2.2 Air quality assessment, including modelling, measurement and source apportionment 

Member states have to assess the pollutants concentration over their territory and also to design air quality plans (AQP) when concentrations are in exceedance of limit values in certain zones/agglomerations. They also have to show that this AQP will be efficient in lowering the concentrations levels and reach compliance. This task aims to review assessment capabilities, it includes:

- A particular focus on the modelling techniques used to assess the air pollutants concentrations and  the impacts of RLPPs;

- An assessment of the usefulness of complementary methodologies;

- The identification what is necessary for the implementation of an efficient IAS; 

Task 2.3 Health impact assessment approaches 

In this task the methods and tools that are used to estimate the mortality and morbidity caused by different air pollutants will be reviewed. This review will include:

- Concentration-response functions,

- Indicators used to illustrate the adverse health effects,

- Exposure measures,

- The description of the state-of-the-art of current practises, 

- The identification of gaps in knowledge and tools used.

Task 2.4 Uncertainty and robustness, including QAQC 

This task will review and summarize the methods of model quality assurance and control already in practice and described in various projects, papers and reports. It will identify the main gaps and provide recommendations to improve the topic of quality assurance, in particular for modelling quality. Reference to the FAIRMODE activities will also be a key point in this task development.